From the archives

“Spaniards in the United States”, from “Education in Americanism, Lessons in Patriotism prepared for The Literary Digest and especially designed for High School Use,” January, 1919.
“The larger percentage of Spanish immigrants in this country are of the unskilled laboring class. Before the war the tide of immigration was heavily on the increase. Shipping conditions during the war naturally caused a slackening in the number of Spaniards bound to our shores. Yet during the war, we are told by a reputable authority, from 20 to 40 per cent of the unskilled workers in munition plants, shipyards, mines and other industries were Spaniards from Spain…
It is stated that at present the population of Spaniards in the US may be safely numbered at 80,000. They incline very decidedly to settle in colonies of their own people. One group is to be found in the coal-mining districts of West Virginia. There, it is said, a settlement of about two-thousand dwell in a village built after a genuine Spanish model. They are a notable constituent of the population also in large industrial centers such as Philadelphia, Cleveland, New York, Newark, Elizabethport, New Jersey, Bayonne, and Waterbury, Connecticut. Many Spaniards also are to be found in Tampa, Florida, where they work in cigar-factories or are engaged in agricultural pursuits. In the main, we are informed, they are spread all over the country, and, owing to changing labor conditions at present, their movements are in diverse directions. As laborers they are said to be steady and industrious, and they quickly accomodate themselves to the varieties of climate encountered in the different sections of the United States…”

[Photo courtesy of Dan and Joanne Albert, Monterey, California.]