Grupo Salmerón

“Elisa Castellón observes the photo on her computer screen, much more relaxed now that it has been digitized. She goes over the faces of the 28 women again and again, probing her memory and trying to remember each name.
It is a photograph from 1937, of the women of the Grupo Salmerón, in the New York of immigrants from every corner of the globe. But all of these women are almerienses, from the small towns near Almería mostly, used to life where they struggled with husbands and brothers to raise their children and forge a future for themselves.
Elisa was born in 1942, and she met these women long after this photo was taken, which is why she can’t recognize or remember them all. During her youth, the Grupo Salmerón was a meeting place for emigrants. ‘It lasted into the 1970s, and it was where everything went on’, she recalls: ‘Weddings, baptisms, parties, celebrating things related to Spain.’
But the Grupo Salmerón had started out with a more political and more Republican connotation. It was created in the 1930s, after the proclamation of the Second Republic, with headquarters in a rented storefront on Brooklyn’s Fifth Avenue. It took its name from the son of Alhama who had been president of Spain’s first experiment in Republicanism…”
La voz de Almería, 15 April 2008